Guinea Pigs – a Quick Overview of Breeds

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When we think of a guinea pig, we usually picture the American Guinea Pig – the “classic” or “standard” guinea pig – and also the most common. But there are also several other in addition to the common American Guinea Pig. This article will introduce you to a few of the breeds commonly found in homes today.


The Abyssinian is a long-haired breed. The coat on this animal is quite distinctive because it tends to curl itself into whirls and swirls. These whirls and swirls are called rosettes. The Abyssinian is one of the oldest breeds that can be found today. If you are looking for a low-maintenance guinea pig, keep looking. This particular breed requires daily attention to the coat to avoid tangles and keep the pig looking well-groomed.

American Guinea Pig

This is the variety that first comes to mind when we think of the words “guinea pig”. It is also sometime called an English guinea pig. This is a short hair breed which makes it suitable for a pet. It does not require grooming and can be handled and petted without messing up its coat.


The Peruvian breed is an extreme long-haired breed. Its hair can grow to an amazingly long length of a foot or more. The hair is smooth and straight and tends to part in the middle and hang naturally to either side of the pig. The long hair requires a lot of care; so many owners prefer to keep the coat trimmed to make this task easier.


The Silkie is a less common breed and is also referred to as a Sheltie. It has a very long (and, of course silky) coat – similar to the Peruvian. In contrast to the Peruvian, the hair does not tend to part naturally down the center of the back. The hair of the Silkie sweeps backward from the head. The coat of the Silkie is also softer than that of the Peruvian.
Guinea are also categorized according to varieties. Varieties are coat colors or patterns and are also subdivided into three categories.

1. Self colored guinea pigs are a single solid color.

2. Agouti cavies have a coat made up of two colors. Each individual hair of the undercoat has a light-colored tip and a darker-colored base near the skin. The longer hairs which make up the outer protective layer are the same darker color as the base of the undercoat hairs.

3. Marked guinea pigs have markings, patches or islands of color (often white) in their otherwise solid or agouti coats.

This article has presented a short survey of some of the more common guinea pig breeds. No matter what the breed, variety or color; guinea pigs make loving pets and can help to brighten a household. Although long haired breeds tend to look more exotic and sometimes make good animals, the common short-haired American breed is a very popular household pet because its coat requires very little care.

We here at Blue Stone Commerce are pet owners as well as pet cage sellers. Visit Our Website for lots more info on guinea pigs and guinea pig cages. Be sure to Claim Your FREE BONUS GIFT available on the front page. Follow Us on Twitter:


* This educational resource is a useful time-saver that will enable you to get good at guinea pigs. Watch our tutorial on How To Recognize Guinea Pig Breeds from one of Videojug's professionals.

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    • Anna Harward
    • July 9, 2016

    She's not kidding about those abysinians.  Even my female is "Top dog".  she just bullies around my short haired female.

    • Juliette Ohara
    • July 9, 2016

    I really want a

    • Natalie
    • July 9, 2016

    That white one is huge :o

    • mattthefox1
    • July 9, 2016
    • Jewel Manders
    • July 9, 2016

    I have 2 teddy guinea pigs. Cara and Ferris.
    Btw That long hair one is a silkie/sheltie.

    • Lucille Onwuna
    • July 9, 2016

    Is good if you have 1

    • Alpha Kitty
    • July 9, 2016

    The first guinea pig is a Peruvian, you just calling a silkie or whatever because of were you come from but Peruvian is the correct term same and Rex and 'teddy' are the same a 'teddy' is just a name people gave them 

    • Josh the Linguistic Vegan
    • July 9, 2016

    J'ai un Cochin d'indes Abyssinian. Je les aime beaucoup

    • Mr. PublicToiletMasterBanana
    • July 9, 2016

    I have a shorthair guinea pig thats black, light brown, dark brown, and white

    • Hamda Kitkat
    • July 9, 2016

    I've had a dog and a cat and a fish and a bird, basically a lot of animals but to be honest the guinea pigs are the best, they're very playful and very cute and they do not make that much of a mess. I loved all my pets but if you're thinking of getting a guinea pig, Go ahead :).

    • Matthew Lim
    • July 9, 2016

    Can't see them…

    • Jeremy Castro
    • July 9, 2016

    I bought a peruvian guinea pig. The petshop people told me they are indeed peruvian but they look like Abyssinians because they have spiral hair and they arent that long :/
    I was told the reason was because they're only 4 or 5 months old and they will continue growing. It's been 3 weeks and I do not see any hair growth. Was I deceived? Or Im just impatient? How to tell?

    • Breeder 101
    • July 9, 2016

    guinea pigs

    • Novenne Lagua
    • July 8, 2016

    is guinea pigs have a lice?

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