"Oh Yes, Oh Yes", as a famous DJ used to say! The dream has become a reality, you are now a proud owner of a beautiful puppy! So much happiness, cuddling and laughter... But it is time to think about the dog training.
The dressage requires a lot of effort and enormous patience to reach the desired effect. However, the pleasure that one feels with a well-trained dog is incredible. Training and dressage are a system of rules and approaches by which the dog makes certain durable habits needed to manage his behavior when used for various activities.
Training should start as soon as the dog enters your home. A two-three month old puppy can learn the basics: acquire hygienic habits, sleep on its designated place, learn your name and respond to calling, walk on a leash, etc.
Classes can be held daily, but not longer than 15 minutes, as the dog will get tired and become sluggish and naughty. It is recommended to diversify the exercises and make long breaks between them. Constantly repeated words are called sound signals – commands which should be brief and sonorous and to rule with a certain tone of voice. The more clearly and impressively they are spoken, the faster a command is understood by the animal.
People who hope to raise a dog in their home, should know some things about it and have enough patience and time. Basic education should start after 8-9 weeks. To build certain habits you must apply these methodological rules:
- Establish a proper relationship with your puppy.
- Show perseverance and patience.
- Do not yell or physically punish a naughty dog.
- Commands can be submitted with strict but friendly tone.
- They should be easy to learn and consist almost always one word, such as “Sit down!”, “Peaceful!”, “Come!” and “Down!”
- Once selected, the command should never be changed.
- Do not give a task, if the animal is not able to fulfill.
The most common methods for training and dressage are the following:
The training is built exclusively on the basis of food excitation (treats given to a dog) without physical coercion. The result is an easily established relationship between the trainer and the dog. This method is the basis of learning at home.
The trainer uses irritants, causing painful sensations (sharp tug of the leash or stroke). This method can result in flawless execution of all commands, but only in dogs with a strong (even-tempered, excitable or inert) type of nervous system. But we never heard a dog owner recommending this method.
The training is based on the impact of incentive and mechanical stimulation. The mechanical irritant is used before and after the dog performs the desired action, it is encouraged with a treat, stroke or praise. The method is particularly suitable for training at home.
The key point here is the ability of young dogs to emulate adult trained dogs. This method is used in training of hunting and service dogs.
You should not use these exercises to train dogs older than 5-6 months. They will be ineffective because they do not match the characteristics of the nervous system of an older dog.
There are a few important things you should know right from the moment when the adorable little creature crawls into your home.
This is the first thing you need to do – determine where the dog will sleep. It is best to choose a suitable place where no one will be in his way
An eating place
From the first day you should start to feed the puppy always in the same spot. This requires two pans – for food and water, which must be washed daily with hot water.
Familiarization with the name
You have to teach your puppy to respond to its name. Whatever it is, you have to remember that the name is not a command, but an audible signal that attracts the attention of the dog.
Going for a walk
The little dog can go out after the age of two months and a half. Everything depends on the time of year, the temperature outside and the breed. After getting up, you should immediately bring your puppy for a walk, to play and to do its physiological needs.
This should begin as soon as the dog starts taking solid food (around six weeks after birth). Do not carry the pup in your hands, let it go and learn the route. When it performs everything properly, encourage it with treats and pet him.
The little one will want to play, to gnaw everything it gets - most likely your shoes. If you want to save your belongings, it is necessary to provide toys from hard solid rubber, tennis balls or something similar, especially if the puppy has had to stay home alone.
The puppy must be punished only if it has committed something wrong. Be very careful, whatever your small friend has done, the dog must feel not just austerity, but also sympathetic attitude, otherwise it will cease to trust you.
You should know, of course, that the hours of training are not nearly enough if you want to own an obedient, loving and polite dog. Give your puppy all the time and kindness you can and you’ll have one of a kind friend.
Resources: The Online Dog Trainer Review
Canine distemper outbreak in western North Carolina(wyff4.com)
Doggie See, Doggie Do?(peakmemory.me)
Dogs Trust: Special Someone(creativity-online.com)