Humans share fairness concerns with other species

array(2) { [0]=> string(0) "" ["keywords"]=> string(35) "Alexandra Horowitz,Barnard College," }

aren’t the only to react strongly to actions they consider unfair. A similar drive for in monkeys and some may offer insight into people’s desire for equity, according to experts presenting at the American Psychological Association’s 122nd Annual Convention.

Psychologists will talk about how studies of other help explain how humans came to care so much about fairness and why they invest so strongly in actions that benefit others, rather than just themselves. Additionally, studies of preschool children may explain why adults want things to be fair but also admire those who have more. The session is scheduled for Aug. 7.

Areas of discussion and presenters:

Fair is Fine, but More is Better: Limits to Inequity Aversion in the Domestic Dog

Domestic are more concerned with the quantity of treats doled out by a trainer than whether the trainer distributes them fairly, according to , PhD, of Barnard College. She will discuss an experiment in which had to select a “fair” or “unfair” trainer. Older dogs were more responsive to fair trainers than their younger counterparts, which suggest that a longer human-dog relationship may affect a dog’s . She will discuss these results in light of the human sense of fairness.

Responses to Inequity in Non-human Primates

, PhD, of Georgia State University, will talk about how research involving chimpanzees, monkeys, gorillas and other non-human primates has shown that other respond to unfairness and it appears to help in cooperation. For example, chimpanzees and will refuse a reward for a task completed with a partner if the partner receives a better reward, according to one of Brosnan’s experiments. Brosnan will talk about how these results help us to better understand the evolution of humans’ own sense of fairness.

The Ontogeny of Fairness

Kristina Olson, PhD, of the University of Washington, will talk about how psychologists have explored whether, when and why children are concerned with fairness. She will reveal research findings that suggest preschoolers will favor someone who has more than others, even after an unfair distribution of resources, but only if they have forgotten how those resources were distributed.

An Economic Perspective on Fairness

Kevin McCabe, PhD, of George Mason University, will present research from economics experiments suggesting that people’s sense of fairness depends on whether they consider the behavior acceptable. He will then examine brain imaging research that suggests people’s desire to act fairly and to respond to fair and unfair behavior has evolved over time. One study talks about how trusting a person to share returns equitably on a financial investment is more likely to stimulate reward-related areas of the brain if that person has a reputation for acting fairly.

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Comments

    • Karen Frances
    • August 2, 2014
    63 of 70 people found the following review helpful
    5.0 out of 5 stars
    More effective and faster than Frontline, August 10, 2011
    By 

    I had a flea infestation in my house and on my dog. I used Frontline, bombed the house, and have been vacuuming daily. I could see a few dead fleas that fell off my dog after the first 24 hours of Frontline and was waiting for more to die off but that wasn’t the case. I followed the instructions exactly, but after the first 3.5 weeks the problem seemed to get worse. I was using Capstar in addition to kill off the adults, but it seemed they kept appearing! I read that Frontline has become less effective in the past few years and that seems to be true. I read some reviews on Advantix II and decided to try that for the second month. I know it takes three months to break a flea cycle but this seems to have worked after the first week! I gave him Advantix II and a Capstar the first day and I haven’t seen a flea since. This stuff is AMAZING and my frustrating is slowly dwindling away. DON’T WASTE YOUR MONEY ON FRONTLINE!!

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    • Dan in Oregon
    • August 2, 2014
    69 of 76 people found the following review helpful
    2.0 out of 5 stars
    Did Not Work, October 27, 2011
    By 
    Dan in Oregon (Oregon) –

    Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
    This review is from: Bayer Advantix II, Extra Large Dogs, Over 55-Pound, 6-Month (Misc.)
    Got this after reading many great reviews on Amazon and elsewhere. Loved the idea of it repelling the parasites rather than killing them AFTER they bite your pet as is the case with Frontline. We applied it per the directions and waited for the dog’s itching and scratching to subside. After a day or two it seemed better. Then the scratching returned about 2 weeks later. Found several LIVE fleas on our dog, and worst of all they were filled with blood, meaning they had bitten and fed.

    Reread the directions and it said to not apply more than once a week if needed. OK. A monthly application that may need to be applied weekly? So after only two weeks we re-applied it, again following the directions. Sad to say the poor dog has more fleas now than ever. We’re returning the remainder for a refund.

    If it would have worked as advertised this could have been a 5 star review. In our experience not only did it not work as advertised to repel the fleas, but it didn’t even kill them at all. Perhaps we got a bad batch? We’re now on Vectra 3D which costs twice as much and can only be gotten from the vet. After just one day the fleas (and scratching) are gone. I’m keeping my fingers crossed they don’t return.

    UPDATE: Tried the Vectra 3D and it also did not work. That’s TWO top-rated topical flea treatments that had no positive results. It’s entirely possible the Advantix II will work great for you… It just didn’t work for us. Went to the vet and got Comfortis (oral tablet) and within a couple of hours all the fleas were dead. Yay! Moral of the story: topical applications simply do not work for our dog. Hopefully this helps someone else in a similar situation.

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    • R. M.
    • August 2, 2014
    88 of 90 people found the following review helpful
    5.0 out of 5 stars
    14 years and still happy…, September 3, 2011
    By 
    R. M. (Ohio) –

    Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
    This review is from: Bayer Advantix II, Extra Large Dogs, Over 55-Pound, 6-Month (Misc.)
    I have been using Advantix for 14 years now and have found nothing better. Have compared it to cheaper store brands and to Frontline, but the Advantix works best. My outside dogs are not bothered by fleas, ticks or even flies. I have read some poor reviews on this product, but neither of my dogs have ever experienced any side effects to Advantix, even when they were young. It seems that when I used Frontline in the past, the directions said to put the entire contents of the tube in one spot between the shoulder blades, whereas Advantix specifically states to disperse in four areas from the shoulders to the base of the tail. I wonder if some people are putting all of it in one spot and that is causing irritation?

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    • Julio Francisco
    • August 2, 2014

    funy funy

    • marissa cordova
    • August 2, 2014

    You see me Rollin one is lol

    • monuwar mahi
    • August 2, 2014

    4th

    • Unity Oviawe
    • August 2, 2014

    5th comment

    • Nicklas Breckling
    • August 2, 2014

    1st

    • Super Funny Videos / Gifs
    • August 2, 2014

    Funny Dogs Compilation ● Funny Videos ● Funny Animal Videos
    #funny #dogs #funnydogs #animal #funnyvideos #gifs #fun #dog
    #laugh 

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