Border collies chase away beach contamination by chasing away gulls

array(2) { [0]=> string(0) "" ["keywords"]=> string(39) "American Society for Microbiology,Away," }

Collies are effective at reducing gull congregation on recreational beaches, resulting in lower E. coli abundance in the sand. Researchers from Central Michigan University reported the findings at the annual meeting of the .

Gull droppings may be one source of the indicator bacterium to beach water, which can lead to swim advisories and beach closings. In addition, gull droppings may contain bacteria with the potential to cause human disease, according to Elizabeth Alm, one of the researchers on the study.

At the beginning of the summer, 200-meter sections of beach were arbitrarily assigned to be dog-treated beaches or control beaches. Half way through the summer, the beach sections were swapped, so that were moved to the control beaches and the dog-treated beaches were then left to be untreated controls.

During the summers of 2012 and 2013, researchers recorded the number of at each beach section. Once each week samples of and beach sand were collected and the numbers of E. coli in the samples counted. In early summer, samples from beaches where had excluded gulls had significantly lower E. coli counts compared to control beaches.

are intelligent that love to work and could be used by beach managers as part of a comprehensive management strategy to reduce bacterial contamination at public beaches,” said Alm.

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Society for Microbiology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Original story here.
Dogs News — Sciencedaily

WTF!!!! E3 2014 Is Just a Warm-Up to E3 2015.Watch_ on PS4: Leaked.PS4 Receiving Massive Performance Boost From Team ICE. Follow Me on:…
Video Rating: 4 / 5

Woodland and Critter Plush Dog Toy

Woodland and Critter Plush Dog Toy. Each sold separately. Let your pup get closer to nature with these adorable toys! These mini toys are made with soft plush material and each have a hidden squeaker inside. Pets should be supervised when playing with toys as no toy is completely indestructible. Sizing: Approximately 4 in.
List Price: $ 7.00
Price: $ 7.00

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    • KindOfSmokey
    • May 22, 2014

    It’s not real leaked gameplay.

    • ATLEAGLE579
    • May 22, 2014

    i saw the leaked footage from the ps4 and i was like um where are the NPCs?
    some of the lighting is not interacting with object the way they should and
    i was like this looks adverage that best. i’m starting to think those PC
    specs are bogus or we may be in for another shitty ubisoft port -.- as for
    e3 i know its a long shot but it could be possible more delays are coming.
    this generation is a joke across the board and the only way to go is on PC
    guys. consoles are becoming pieces of junk

    • Northern Hoarder
    • May 22, 2014

    How come when a white dude paints his skin black it’s racist as fuck but
    when a black dude paints his skin white it’s funny???

    • Groot
    • May 22, 2014

    So fucking glad I decided to build a PC this generation, and wait till the
    end of the life cycle to pick up a PS4 and X1 for the exclusives. As more
    and more shit like this comes to light, I’m more and more confident in my
    decision. I may have spent more on my PC than both combined, but I’ll
    always be playing the best possible version of games.

    • SozinComet BERSERKER
    • May 22, 2014

    PC master race 

    • Gee Wizz
    • May 22, 2014

    +IckyxTvIf you live in the 21st century you should already own a pc. 

    • Sam H
    • May 21, 2014

    the only reason for delays is because people keep talking about res so xbox
    wants dx12 and now we aint gonna be able to play a game cause it needs the
    1080p sticker on it or it will get murdered. 

    • Poop TurtleTV
    • May 21, 2014

    stonefox, those leaked footages are fucking fake as hell. The game is not
    going to look like gta 4. They are just trying to make people think that
    gaming resolution is going to hell. Remember when u made that video about
    infamous second son and how bad the graphics were in the leaked footage. It
    turned out to look like a beautiful game

    • Nobleminded
    • May 21, 2014

    FUCK, I am about to say FUCK this next gen shyt……HOW is it that
    Infamous can look amazin, hell even COD looks okay…TELL me why, WHY the
    fuck are we getting fucked in the ass with no grease. Please fix this shyt
    DEV and UBISOFT you should be ashamed… had enough time to make this
    shyt look BEAST!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! FUCK

    • 9TO5G4MERS
    • May 21, 2014

    you can keep them shitly made games 

    • StonefoxMedia
    • May 21, 2014

    The Welfare Edition Of Watch Dogs on PS4 Xbox One. E3 2014 Will Suck Is
    Just a Warm-Up to E3 2015

    • MarineSldrX
    • May 21, 2014

    I don’t know about you guys but I’m getting watch dogs for the gameplay and
    story, not for the fucking graphics. No wonder so many people in the gaming
    community aren’t real gamers, there are too many fucking graphics whores. 

    • May 21, 2014

    At least we got DESTINY!!!!! O_O

    • Barnone11970
    • May 21, 2014

    No offense but if you spend $200 on this game saying how disappointed you
    are in it, is it any wonder why these companies keep putting out mediocre
    products? I am so glad I have not bought EITHER console yet because I will
    not just hand my hard earned currency to some ungrateful corporation that
    is trying to sell me crap. If people want better products then STOP
    SETTLING FOR GARBAGE… I understand that you are buying it because this is
    a business for you, but to those who buy it, why complain? If you want REAL
    change, stop giving your money to companies who do nothing but make empty
    promises. If that is really what you want to do, then you might as well
    give your money to the Democrats & Republicans. At least then you know you
    are REALLY getting nothing in return for giving away for cash :P. Thank you
    for allowing me to speak my mind, no disrespect intended.

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